relevance: Activities match as nearly as possible the real-world
tasks of professionals in practice rather than decontextualized
or classroom-based tasks.
- Ill-defined: Activities require students
to define the tasks and subtasks needed to complete the activity.
- Complex, sustained tasks: Activities are completed in days, weeks,
and months rather than minutes or hours. They require significant
investment of time and intellectual resources.
- Multiple perspectives:
Provides the opportunity for students to examine the task from
different perspectives using a variety of resources, and separate
relevant from irrelevant information.
- Collaborative: Collaboration
is integral and required for task completion.
- Value laden: Provide
the opportunity to reflect and involve students’ beliefs
- Interdisciplinary: Activities encourage interdisciplinary
perspectives and enable learners to play diverse roles and
build expertise that is applicable beyond a single well-defined
field or domain.
- Authentically assessed: Assessment is seamlessly
integrated with learning in a manner that reflects how quality
is judged in the real world.
- Authentic products: Authentic activities
create polished products valuable in their own right rather than
as preparation for something else.
- Multiple possible outcomes:
Activities allow a range and diversity of outcomes open to multiple
solutions of an original nature, rather than a single correct
response obtained by the application of predefined rules and procedures.
(Adapted from Reeves, T. C., Herrington, J., & Oliver, R.
(2002). Authentic activity as a model for web-based learning. 2002
Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association,
New Orleans, LA, USA.)